The tallest mountain in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro, located in Tanzania. It has three volcanic cones namely Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. It stands at 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) above sea level and around 4,900 meters (16,100 feet) above its plateau base, making it Africa’s highest peak and the world’s highest single free-standing mountain. It is a popular climbing site and is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park.
It is the fourth topographic prominent mountains on earth. Here is a list of the seven topographic prominent mountain on earth, from the highest to lowest:
- Asia: Everest (29,035’/8850m)
- South America: Aconcagua (22,834’/6960m)
- North America: Denali (20,310’/6,190m)
- Africa: Kilimanjaro (19,340’/5895m)
- Europe: Elbrus (18,513’/5642m)
- Oceania: Carstensz Pyramid (16,023’/4884m)
Kilimanjaro is very popular with both experienced hikers and first time adventurers because it is considered to be the easiest of the seven summits. Scaling the mountain requires no technical skills or equipment, such as rope, harness, crampons or ice axe. Kilimanjaro is the world’s tallest free-standing mountain, as well as Africa’s tallest peak. Uhuru Point, at 5,895 meters (19,341 ft) above sea level, is the highest point on the mountain.
In 1889, a German geologist Hans Meyer, an Austrian climber Ludwig Purtscheller, and a native guide Yohani Kinyala Lauwo made the first ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Meyer made it to the base of Kibo on his first try in 1887, but had to turn around. He met strong snow and ice walls and lacked heavy snow and ice equipment. Kilimanjaro is climbed by around 30,000 individuals each year, however not many are successful due to height fright or inadequately training and preparations