Active lifestyle changes such as eating healthy, exercising, staying away from smoking can reduce the risk of kidney disease. This was reported by a group of researchers at Karolinska Institute in Sweden and Griffith University in Australia. The study is published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Research shows that 10% of the world population suffer from some kind of chronic kidney disease. In 2017, about 1.2 million people were estimated to have died due to kidney disease and another 1.4 million died due to cardiovascular complications caused by the reduced kidney function.
Despite these alarming figures, there is still no evidence stating that lifestyle change can help to prevent kidney disease, however, patients are advised to prevent other diseases such as hypertension and cardiovascular disease which are considered important for the causes of kidney damage. The advice includes more vegetable rich diet, more exercise, higher potassium intake, less alcohol consumption, less salt consumption and quit smoking. Adherence to these recommendations could reduce the risk of chronic kidney disease by between 14 and 22 percent.
The researchers stress that the advice applies to healthy people prone to developing kidney disease and people who are suffering from kidney disease are to follow other lifestyle recommendations to avoid straining their kidneys.
Some risk factors to kidney disease such as age, race or family history cannot be controlled, however, to prevent the disease, drink plenty of water; control your sugar intake or level and blood pressure. Also, reduce salt intake and quit smoking.
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